There were some exceptions to this generalization, such as trumpeter-violinist Ray Nance and high-note trumpet specialist Cat Anderson.
Around the same time, Ellington married schoolmate Edna Thompson, who had become pregnant with their son, Mercer. This was followed in September by a move to the Hollywood Club — 49th and Broadway — and a four-year engagement, which gave Ellington a solid artistic base. Charles Ives is perhaps his only rival for the title of the greatest American composer.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. He died in at the age of 29, but he was an important influence on Cootie Williamswho replaced him.
While these compositions guarantee his greatness, whatmakes Duke an iconoclastic genius, and an unparalleled visionary, what has granted him immortality are his extended suites. I try to catch the character and mood and feeling of my people".
Nance was also an occasional vocalist, although Herb Jeffries was the main male vocalist in this era until while Al Hibbler who replaced Jeffries in continued until Tenor player Paul Gonsalves had joined in December  after periods with Count Basie and Dizzy Gillespie and stayed for the rest of his life, while Clark Terry joined in November Ellington performed what is considered his final full concert in a ballroom at Northern Illinois University on March 20, Ellington also wrote film scores and stage musicals, and several of his instrumental works were adapted into songs that became standards.
Unfortunately Bach is dead, Delius is very ill but we are happy to have with us today The Duke". And he embraced a phrase coined by his colleague Billy Strayhorn — 'beyond category' — as a liberating principle.
Jukeboxes proliferated nationwide, spreading the gospel of swing.
He created a jazz Christian liturgy. Additionally, Nance added violin to the instrumental colors Ellington had at his disposal. The recording was later inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
At his funeral, attended by over 12, people at the Cathedral of St. After a fire, the club was re-opened as the Club Kentucky often referred to as the Kentucky Club.
The broken, eighth-note melodies and arrhythms of bebop had little impact on him, though on occasion he recorded with musicians who were not band members—not only with other swing-era luminaries such as Louis ArmstrongElla Fitzgeraldand Coleman Hawkins but also with later bop musicians John Coltrane and Charles Mingus.
Duke Ellington. An originator of big-band jazz, Duke Ellington was an American composer, pianist and bandleader who composed thousands of scores over his year career.
May 24, · Continuing our series of American composers from A to Z, we come to the letter E. Personally, I can think of no better example than Duke Ellington. I consider him to be one of the first great quintessential “American” composers of his time, who wrote music. Watch video · An originator of big-band jazz, Duke Ellington was an American composer, pianist and bandleader who composed thousands of scores over his year career.
William Thomas "Billy" Strayhorn (November 29, – May 31, ) was an American jazz composer, pianist, lyricist, and arranger, best known for a successful collaboration with bandleader and composer Duke Ellington that lasted nearly three decades.
Duke Ellington's popular compositions set the bar for generations of brilliant jazz, pop, theatre and soundtrack composers to come. While these compositions guarantee his greatness, whatmakes Duke an iconoclastic genius, and an unparalleled visionary.
Duke Ellington Biography by William Ruhlmann Greatest all-round musical figure of the 20th century, who achieved monumental status as .A biography of duke ellington a great composer and musician