The town or city municipal authorities have to facilitate for legal measures in cases of expropriation and impropriation and should also create a law providing for the regulation of the contour of new or reconstructed blocks to be built upon. It also serves as a very important control device by measuring the performance in relation to the set goals.
Accompanying this influence, of course, has been that of the old country highways, which were often laid out with an eye to their convenience as direct transportation routes, especially on radial lines, unhampered by what I have called the proprietary point of view as represented by the "subdivider" of land.
Those who have this easy confidence that wisdom in selecting the ends to be pursued, like efficiency in gathering data, in devising means, and in putting them into execution, is to be obtained mainly by concentration of authority and reliance on experts, are apt to distrust and dislike the groping, blundering process by which democratic public opinion is formed and modified.
Planning is a mental exercise involving imagination, foresight and sound judgement. Nature and Characteristics of Planning 3. The purpose of planning is to ensure the effective and efficient achievement of corporate objectives, in-fact, the basic criteria for the formulation of plans are to achieve the ultimate Objectives of the company.
Appleton and Company, In the following chapters of this book some of the most important of these lines are discussed from varying points of view. Policies act as guidelines for taking administrative decisions.
Although in the earlier days the existing streets were often used by the railroad in entering or passing through a town, the tendency became gradually stronger to disregard the hampering streets, and lay out steam railroads, even in cities, upon functional lines suitable to great long-distance thoroughfares operated at high speed.
Business forecasting refers to analysing the statistical data and other economic, political and market information for the purpose of reducing the risks involved in making business decisions and long range plans.
Existing towns While zoning and planning new towns, the planner must keep in mind the convenience of existing towns. Whether internal or external, the success of the plans demands that it should be strategy-oriented.
The first object of building codes, and of the system of building permits and inspections through which they are enforced, is to ensure proper structural stability.
To secure participation of the employees with whole-hearted co-operation in execution of the plan, it is necessary that the plan must be communicated and explained to them for their full understanding. Timing and sequence of operations determine the starting and finishing time for each piece of work according to some definite schedule and give practical and concrete shape and form to work performance.
Principle of Navigational Change: This suggests another piece of advice to include among our strategic planning principles. July 5, Program planning that includes evaluation is critical to measuring success and identifying areas for ongoing quality improvement.
If there is only one way of doing something there is no need of planning. Programmes must be closely integrated with the objectives. Buildings are classified according to the purposes for which they are used, according to their location with respect to boundaries such as fire limitsaccording to the materials of which they are built, and in dozens of other ways; and for each class minute and varied prescriptions and prohibitions are made which, in the aggregate, play an important part in determining the size, height, purposes, plan, general appearance, and cost of the structures which a lot owner can erect and those which he can expect his neighbor to erect.
In all of which they are absolutely right. It has thus been the tendency of street planners, whether acting for the city or for landowners, to give quite inadequate attention to the need of the public for various types of main thoroughfares laid out with sole regard to the problems of transportation, and to permit the supposed interests of landowners and the fear of heavy damages to limit the width of thoroughfares and force them out of the best lines in order to conform to the owners' preferences as to details of land subdivision.
The Code, however, provides for more than the minimum threshold of enforceable acceptability. The management should take all the necessary steps while reviewing the plans so that they efficiently achieve the ultimate goals of the organisation.
They set forth overall boundaries within which the decision-makers are expected to operate while making decisions.
However, without sound plans, resulting from a thorough planning process, we would find it hard to recognize, evaluate, and judge whether to take the opportunity seriously. From this point of view, decision-making and planning move together and one depends on the other.
The task of planning will be well-accomplished if some fundamental principles are followed in the process. Planning leads to achieve a coordinated structure of operations.
This statement also aims to inform the public generally. The planning shall has to be in such a way that the product diversification should encompass the particular period during which entire investment on that product is recovered.
Minimizing the cost and achieving the efficient utilization of resources shall has to be the aim of the plans. The more modern zoning ordinances are based on studies of light and air requirements, and promise much for the improvement of community health.
Since all alternatives cannot be considered for further analysis, it is necessary for the planner to reduce in preliminary examination the number of alternatives that do not meet the minimum preliminary criteria. The planning process must continuously pursue and faithfully serve the public interest.
Community Planning: Principles of Planning. Q.
What are the principles of local planning, both streamlined and comprehensive? A. Local Planning: Leadership building - Catalyzes community building and involvement, as evidenced by an entrepreneurial spirit, leadership development and local investment in. Planning Principles and Practices Victoria Transport Policy Institute 4 Planning Principles Good planning requires a methodical process that clearly defines the steps that lead to optimal solutions.
This process should reflect the following principles: Comprehensive – all significant options and impacts are considered. Use strategic planning principles to keep your corporate strategic planning process on track.
Orthognathic Surgery: Principles, Planning and Practice is a definitive clinical guide to orthognathic surgery, from initial diagnosis and treatment planning to surgical management and postoperative care. Addresses the major craniofacial anomalies and complex conditions of Author: Farhad B.
Naini. Sep 28, · Principles of Planning: Planing is a dynamic process, it is very essential for every organisation to achieve their ultimate goals, but, there are certain principles which are essential to be followed so as to formulate a sound janettravellmd.coms: The planning for any organization forms the backbone of production process.
Planning of productions helps organizations to understand the situation at the Gemba better.Principles of planning